About cardiovascular disease
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a disease of the heart or blood vessels. Discover more about the condition here.
There are four main types of CVD:
- coronary heart disease
- peripheral arterial disease
- aortic disease
Coronary heart disease
The coronary arteries supply your heart with blood. If they become blocked or narrow because of fatty substances, it causes coronary heart disease (CHD). If the arteries become narrow it causes angina or chest pain. If they become completely blocked it causes a heart attack.
A stroke occurs when the blood supply to the brain is restricted.Your brain needs a constant supply of oxygen and nutrients from your blood to function properly. if your blood flow is restricted or stopped, brain cells will begin to die, leading to brain damage and possibly death.
Peripheral arterial disease
Peripheral arterial disease, also known as peripheral vascular disease, occurs when there is a blockage in the arteries to your limbs (usually your legs).
The aorta carries blood from your heart to the rest of your body. The most common type of aortic disease is aortic aneurysm, which is where the wall of the aorta becomes weakened and bulges outwards. You will usually experience pain in your chest, back or abdomen.
In Leicester, 33% of all deaths are from CVD and 28% in those under 75 (premature death). This is why it is one of the CCG’s priorities to prevent people from developing it and detect the condition earlier.
CVD could be easily prevented by leading a healthy lifestyle:
- Eating healthily
- Being a healthy weight
- Being physically active
- Giving up smoking
- Drinking alcohol sensibly
If you have diabetes, you are up to five times more likely to develop heart disease or have a stroke.
If you are of Indian, Bangladeshi, Sri Lankan or Pakistani origin you may have a higher risk of heart disease and diabetes than the general population.